Pennington Publishing We Blog

Pennington Publishing We Blog


Counterclaim and Refutation Sentence Frames

Counterclaim and Refutation Sentence Frames

We train a seventh grade ela class and we’ve just completed reading Walk Two Moons by Sharon Creech. In reality, we’ve already written our argumentative essays on “whether Phoebe had been a buddy to Sal.” Needless to say the writing prompt is a little more technical. It’s my pupils very first effort at writing the argumentative essay. They have been struggling utilizing the counterclaim (counterargument) and refutation (rebuttal) as they are new criteria for 7th graders. The most popular Core State guidelines for grades 7-12 through the counterclaim into the essay that is argumentativeW. 1.0).

Although article writers use a lot of additional options, I’m teaching the counterclaim and refutation within the body paragraph that is final.

The sentence that is following aided out my pupils significantly:

First Contrasting Transition + Name the Opposition + Strong Verb + Opposing Point of View + Evidence + Analysis + 2nd Contrasting Transition + Reference the Opposing aim of View + Turn

First Contrasting Transition +

But, But, Admittedly, Although, Instead

Name the Opposition +

Strong Verbs + Denial/Assertion or Assertion

Denial: reject, oppose, disagree, concern, question this assertion and view: argue that, explanation that, declare that, support, conclude that

Opposing Perspective +

State the opposing viewpoint.

Proof +

Pick the most readily useful proof to guide the opposing point of view. Don’t pick a “straw guy.” This means that, don’t select a weak opposing argument that is too simple to refute.

Analysis +

Explanation, understanding, instance, logic to aid the counterclaim proof

2nd Contrasting Transition +

Nevertheless, But, But, Nevertheless, Yet, Despite, Although, And Even Though

Reference the Opposing standpoint +

this argument, this place, this thinking, this proof, this view


So Now you turn the opposing standpoint, proof, and analysis back again to support your thesis statement. Different options may be effective:

1. Accept the criticism regarding the counterclaim. Tell why all or an element of the opposing perspective can be reasonable, plausible, or valid, but reduce the opposing place. As an example, This proof could be real; nevertheless, the objection doesn’t replace the undeniable fact that…

2. Reject the counterclaim. Including, This view ignores the conclusive proof that… This position is mistaken because…

3. Criticize the proof and analysis for the counterclaim to be unimportant, unimportant, or perhaps a misinterpretation. As an example, this argument misses the heavily weighed that…

4. Criticize the thinking of this counterclaim to be flawed, illogical, or biased.

A few of the above points adjusted through the Harvard Writing Center. Along with using Counterclaim and Refutation Sentence Frames, composing instructors can also be enthusiastic about these relevant articles: Why utilize an Essay Counterclaim?, The best place to place the Essay Counterclaim, and what’s the Essay Counterclaim?

Purchase the author’s Teaching Essay techniques to have 8 complete writing procedure essays (4 argumentative and 4 informational-explanatory) with associated readings, 42 sequenced writing strategy worksheets, 64 phrase modification lessons, extra remedial worksheets, composing fluency and skill lessons, posters, and editing resources. Additionally obtain the e-comments download of 438 writing comments to enhance written student and response revisions.

Leave a comment